Environmental and Social Development Organization (ESDO) – Bangladesh – In 1992, ESDO launched a nationwide anti-polythene campaign and after ten years, the Ministry of Environment and Forest of Bangladesh finally passed a total ban on polythene bags in 2002.

Thanal – India An organization leading zero waste campaigns and advising on policy efforts throughout Kerala.


Green Protocol Website | Green Protocol PDF  | Kerala, India | Government initiatives focus on prevention of use of disposables and using reusable alternatives like glass/stainless/porcelain cutleries.

Ban On Plastic Bags And The Emergence Of New Varieties | STUDY | 2014| North South University | Investigating the consequences of ban on plastic bags and the subsequent emergence of several new varieties of shopping bags in the mega city Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, discussing the resulting ecological costs and policy measures.

Consumer Responses to Incentives to Reduce Plastic Bags Use | REPORT | 2011 | Delhi School of Economics | Evidence from a 2011 field experiment in urban India concludes that in developing countries with little enforcement capacity, a blanket ban may not be the best possible solution. Instead, low cost information interventions, availability of substitutes to plastic bags, and subsidies (taxes) on the use of reusable bags (plastic bags) could constitute an important policy-mix.

Ban the Bead! | REPORT | 2016 | ESDO | Study on the harmful effects of microbeads on health and environment, including surveying the awareness or manufactures and users about such harms.